Schools and teachers are invited to contribute relevant teaching material within any of the listed subject areas. Teaching material may include modules (of any length) or case studies. In all cases, the module or case outline ("syllabus") is to be completed with title, subject area, key words, descriptions, learning objectives, prior knowledge requirements and duration. Documentation may include lecture presentation material (in any form), handouts, or project work (accessible to all, including students), as well as teaching notes, evaluations and exam questions (accessible only to registered teachers). In addition, reading material (required and optional) can be contributed.
Material must be accredited and taught by the school to which the contributor is affiliated. Material submitted will be verified by the subject area owner. Verification may require contact between the contributor and the subject area owner. The subject area owner will ultimately publish the material on the platform. The contributor and his or her school will remain associated with the module or case, and may specify use restrictions:
Contributors can either upload teaching material physically on the platform, or provide links to other locations where material can be retrieved. Contributors are responsible for respecting copyrights on any material uploaded. Where material is physically uploaded, access and usage is free, subject to the restrictions listed above. Where material is retrievable at other locations (e.g. online case study providers, online courses, or online libraries) access and usage will be subject to the conditions of the relevant provider (including possible fees).
Contributors or their schools may request subject area owners to withdraw or replace previously contributed material at any time.
Implementation of international standards, codes and regulations applicable to corporate reporting are an essential to attract financial resources. Investors look for transparent and consistent corporate information in order to make adequate and informed decisions. A universal business language is crucial for investors to compare investment opportunities and allocate their resources in an affective and profitable manner. In the face of these challenges, the need for a coherent approach towards capacity-building in this area has become evident. Responding to these capacity building needs UNCTAD-ISAR has been developing the Accounting for Development Tool (ADT).
The objective of UNCTAD’s World Investment Report is to show how the contribution of the private sector to investment in the Sustainable Development Goals can be increased through a concerted push by the international community, within a holistic strategic framework that addresses all key challenges in mobilizing funds, channelling them to sustainable development and maximizing beneficial impact.
Given the importance of agriculture for economies and societies, the impact and implications of transnational corporation (TNC) participation in the industry, especially in developing countries, are of considerable significance. This impact varies, depending partly on the nature of TNC participation, in particular whether the mode of involvement is FDI or a non-equity form such as contract farming. FDI in farming may have a positive effect on agricultural production and the host economy by providing financial resources, introducing new technologies, training workers, creating linkages with local input suppliers and encouraging – through example – the entry of other firms into the industry. Negative effects may result from TNC-run operations driving farmers out of business, for instance, with adverse consequences for employment and rural society. TNC involvement through contract farming can affect domestic agriculture via different channels, among others by providing local farmers with inputs such as seeds and fertilizers, and linking them to the global marketplace through their international supply chains. On the other hand, these links run the risk, for instance, of making farmers highly dependent on large and powerful companies.
UNCTAD’s Entrepreneurship Policy Framework aims to support developing-country policymakers and those from economies in transition in the design of initiatives, measures and institutions to promote entrepreneurship. It sets out a structured framework of relevant policy areas, embedded in an overall entrepreneurship strategy that helps guide policymakers through the process of creating an environment that facilitates the emergence of entrepreneurs and start-ups, as well as the growth and expansion of new enterprises.
The objectives of UNCTAD’s report are to demonstrate how GVCs constitute the nexus between investment and trade, to show the importance of GVCs in today’s global economy and especially their weight in developing countries, to provide evidence for the impact of GVC participation in developing countries, and to make concrete recommendations to help policymakers maximize the benefits of GVC participation for economic growth and development while minimizing the associated risks.
UNCTAD's “Building National Capacities for Promoting Foreign Direct Investment in Green and Other Growth Sectors” is a multiyear programme aiming at strengthening the capacity of developing countries in attracting and benefitting from FDI in green industries and other growth sectors in order to create employment, promote agricultural development and reduce poverty.
An integrative report based on the research initiated by ISEA in 4 countries - Bangladesh and India in South Asia, and the Philippines and Indonesia in Southeast Asia. It explores the roles, potentials and challenges faced by the emerging social enterprise sector as a key player in accelerating poverty reduction and women‘s economic leadership in Asia.
Given the participation of transnational corporations (TNCs) in the infrastructure industries of a growing number of developing countries, and the significance of infrastructure for sustainable development, the implications of TNC involvement are of considerable importance for host countries. Their involvement raises some crucial questions. How does TNC involvement affect the size of investment and performance of infrastructure industries and the provision of infrastructure services, including to the more vulnerable segments of society? In what ways are performance gains derived from TNC involvement better or worse than those engendered by domestic enterprises, and are there any negative impacts to consider? What are the wider effects of TNC participation in infrastructure on the host economy and society?
The nature of trade has been radically altered in the past few decades by the emergence of global production networks, and the rise of inter- and intra-firm trade within these networks. The challenges faced by developing countries from this development are daunting, not least because global competition is intensifying and international trade is taking new forms, which is making it more difficult than ever to break into new markets. This working paper explores Global Value Chain integration using nine developing country case studies in development-linked sectors.
Through their activities in foreign direct investment, trade, non-equity modalities and business relationships with local suppliers, transnational corporations (TNCs) have significant gender-specific impacts in developing countries. This report is a preliminary assessment of this impact, based upon a review of the literature. It focuses mainly on gender equality, spanning the wage and employment impact of TNCs, and the related potential for women’s empowerment. Gender equality matters because it is positively linked to economic growth, but the strength of the positive impact is mediated by various contextual factors, the report finds.
This guide is intended both for those with no experience in complex environments, and for those with some experience looking to improve their leadership in these contexts. For those of you who are new, and who need help transiting to a complex operating environment, this guide can help you expand your vision beyond traditional business models and lead with integrity and humbleness. For those of you with more experience, this guide can help you handle complexity with more confidence. It is built on robust research and interviews with over 100 leaders with extensive experience in such environments.
In today’s world, policies aimed at improving the integration of developing economies into global value chains must look beyond FDI and trade. Policymakers need to consider non-equity modes (NEMs) of international production, such as contract manufacturing, services outsourcing, contract farming, franchising, licensing and management contracts. Cross-border NEM activity worldwide is signi"cant and particularly important in developing economies. It is estimated to have generated over $2 trillion of sales in 2010. Contract manufacturing and services outsourcing accounted for $1.1–1.3 trillion, franchising $330–350 billion, licensing $340–360 billion, and management contracts around $100 billion. In most cases, NEMs are growing more rapidly than the industries in which they operate.
SLT assesses the minimum level of knowledge in economic, social and environmental responsibility of higher education students. It can be applied all over the world, in any kind of Higher Education Institutions (HEI), and on all levels (Bachelors, Masters, MBAs, PhD). All of the questions from this assessment tool are designed to ensure that future graduates have basic knowledge in sustainable development, covering both individual and organizational responsibility.
‘Changing the World: A Beginners Guide to Social Entrepreneurship’ is a culmination of what we have learned over the past few years working closely with young social entrepreneurs and is a tool for sharing the stories, challenges and insights of young people who had an idea and ran with it. The aim of this guide is to share our learning in the hope that it will support future young people who have ideas to make their world better.
Bisi Onasanya (First Bank of Nigeria), Fredrik Jejdling (Ericsson) and Juan Manuel Barrionuevo (Mobile World Capital Barcelona) explore innovation, entrepreneurship, partnerships, scale and data management when entering a new market.